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Wednesday, May 8, 2019

ROBERT “ROBBIE” ROSS AND EDWARD PERRY WARREN AFTER THE DEATH OF OSCAR WILDE

ROBERT “ROBBIE” ROSS AND EDWARD PERRY WARREN
AFTER THE DEATH OF OSCAR WILDE
by Henry Berry. books/ephemera


Early 1900’s letters by Robert “Robbie” Ross (1869-1918) and letters by Edward Perry Warren (1860-1928) mentioning Ross give a picture of Ross’s activities after the death of Oscar Wilde in 1900. It is generally accepted that Wilde’s first homosexual experience was with Ross in 1886. This relationship continued though it was not monogamous. Ross was with Wilde when he died, and his remains were moved to Wilde’s tomb at Paris’s Pere Lachaise Cemetery in 1950 on the 50th anniversary of Wilde’s death. Edward “Ned” Perry was a wealthy American ex-patriot noted for his Lewes House in East Sussex, England, which was a center for collecting and selling of antiquities and art and a changing group of homosexuals as residents and visitors.


After graduating from Harvard in 1883, Warren attended Oxford, where he got an advanced degree in Classics. Although Warren is not known to be closely associated with Wilde, he would have known about Ross as a member in the community of English gays at the time connected to the universities of Oxford and Cambridge and living or spending time in London. Ross, son of a Canadian politician, started at Cambridge in 1888, but left after facing difficulties for his sexuality and unconventional journalism in the university newspaper, taking up residence in London working as a journalist and critic.

As seen in the Ross and Warren letters, in the years after 1908, after Ross had left management of the Carfax Gallery, Ross was helpful to Warren in performing certain tasks in London, among these reserving accommodations for business associates and friends. Warren also consulted Ross about matters in Warren’s business of buying, selling, and appraising works of art. As return addresses on the Ross letters indicates, Ross continued to live in Mayfair, an affluent area of London where Wilde also lived for a while. After 1908, Ross was also working on the definitive edition of Oscar Wilde’s works.

During the period of about 1908 to 1911, one of Warren’s chief interests was determining the painter of a Renaissance period, Old Master Italian painting which an Italian friend of his named Tommaso Virzi had inherited from his uncle. Warren looked to Ross for help in practical, artistic, and business matters in dealing with this. Bernard Berenson and Roger Fry also contributed opinions about who was the painter of Virzi’s inherited work, provisionally named “The Doctor” for the person it appearing to portray. Berenson at first thought it could have been done by Raphael, but later became convinced it was by Sebastiano del Piombo.

In a November 10, 1909, letter to Virzi coming soon to London, Warren writes, “My dear Tom, The Grosvenor [Hotel] is all very well for the first night or two — but more than that I find it expensive. The foxy friend (R. Ross, 5 Hertford Street, Mayfair) will recommend you something better for a longer stay.” In a P. S., Warren adds, “The foxy friend has decided against the London man and would be glad to have you take the thing to Milan.” In his letters, Warren often called Ross “l’amico volpe”, “foxy friend” in Italian.

In this short letter of about 100 words, Warren notes that Ross can be helpful in finding accommodations for Virzi, and also passes on Ross’s advice to forget about someone in London who had been considered to do some work on a work of art, likely cleaning or restoration, and take it to Milan when Virzi’s London trip was done and he returned there. In this letter, Warren also notes that he would like Virzi to come to Lewes House after John Marshall and his wife left. Marshall and Warren had become sexual partners when both were at Oxford in 1884; and they remained friends and business partners after Marshall married in 1907. Marshall, his wife, and Warren are buried together in a tomb in the Italian town of Bagni di Lucca.

In working with Warren, Ross had an independence from knowing what Warren would want and his trustworthiness. Beyond seeing to accommodations for Virzi, Ross introduced him to connections he had which might help to authenticate Virzi’s inherited painting or display it so it would attract interest. A September 13, 1910, letter by Ross on the same single sheet also with a letter by Warren is an introduction of Virzi by Ross and Warren to Sir Charles Holroyd, director of London’s National Gallery — “Signor Virzi…possesses a very fine [two words underlined twice] Italian picture ascribed to a great master…well worth [two words underlined] your attention…Virzi might be inclined to lend the picture…to the National Gallery” [in secretarial hand signed by Ross].

To show his appreciation of Ross’s help while he was in London, Virzi gave him the gift of a Greek marble statue. In a February 1911 letter of thanks Ross wrote, “How can I thank you sufficiently for the exquisite little Greek marble which you have so generously sent to me? I did not know for exactly what reason though our friend Warren tells me it was on account of the very small courtesy which I was able to show you.”

In December 1909, before Virzi came to London, Warren consulted with Ross on Virzi’s painting. Warren wrote to Virzi following this to let him know what was discussed and Ross’s advice and opinion. “My dear Tom, I saw the foxy friend [Robbie Ross] on Friday and had two hours with him. Here is my report…The foxy friend had not absolutely decided that with your permission he would put No. 1 [painting labeled earlier in letter] into [the painting cleaner’s] hands. He was to form his decision when he had seen him…I read to the foxy friend two of your letters…He is strongly of opinion that if it is safe to bring the thing to Milan that would be the best way…He thought that if it were owned by a foreigner, the foreigner could get it out of Italy under law…I told [Ross] that [Bernard] Berenson would probably have the stomach-ache and fail to go to Milan…Concerning [the matter being discussed] my foxy friend made three important remarks. First: – that it was not sufficient that Berenson had confirmed your attribution of the [painting] in conversation, for he had known Berenson to be very indignant when his remarks made in passing were cited…The foxy friend wanted me to get Berenson to make the statement in writing. This he said would be the only basis on which a price could be fetched…The second remark of my foxy friend was that even with Berenson’s favourable opinion, your price of 5 could not be realized…when I mentioned three (3) he thought that the highest…I, for my part, remind you that we are not likely to be able to call upon Morgan [J. P. Morgan, the famed financier) after his recent purchase…The third remark was, that both [Ross] and Berenson thought that No. 2 [another painting labeled by Warren at the start of his letter] would sell much better in Italy…The foxy friend accepted with joy your proposal that it be sent to Germany…[Ross] made, however, one reserve. Before it went, he would show it to Lionel Cust [British art historian, museum director, and editor of the Burlington Magazine]….” The lengthy letter gives a picture how Warren and Ross worked as associates in the art world of Britain, Europe, and the United States of the time and some of their network of experts, critics, and dealers.

The Warren and Ross letters shed light on the working relationship between the two in the early years of the 1900s after the death of Wilde in 1900. Ross had more time to develop more fully relationships with others while at the same time working on the edition of Wilde’s works and giving what financial and emotional support he could to Wilde’s wife and children. Despite being a part of the same British gay community of the time as Ross and with mutual interests and friends, acquaintances, and business contacts, Warren was never so daring nor conspicuous about his homosexuality, partly by nature and partly by common sense called for in becoming the noted international antiquities dealer he did become considering the prejudices and laws of the time.

Warren was never drawn into the scandals surrounding Oscar Wilde and some of his sexual partners and fleeting liaisons. With the loss of its most public and scandalous figure in 1900, the British gay community inevitably changed. Ross developed new pursuits, and new aspects of his existing activities and relations formed. Warren and Ross were known to have some level of friendship or working relationship before Wilde died. Ross is known by letters and biographical research to have visited Warren’s house in Lewes. After Wilde’s death, Warren would be not so concerned about being drawn into a scandal about homosexuality which would be detrimental and possibly ruinous to his antiquities business based considerably on discretion and reputation. And so for his part, Warren was not so concerned about being carelessly or inadvertently drawn into and affected by a scandal of the sort which had raged in London society over Wilde’s trial and conviction for homosexuality.

Given the libertine attitudes of upperclass British gays of the time, most of whom were nonetheless discreet, and in particular Warren’s and Ross’s known sexual activities, there is no reason to believe they were not gay sexual partners in some respect. At this time, however, there is no definitive evidence. And thus, this can only be speculated.

(Sources: (1) Bachelors of Art – Edward Perry Warren & The Lewes House Brotherhood by David Sox, Fourth Estate, London, 1991; (2) The Mount Vernon Street Warrens – A Boston Story, 1860-1910, by Martin Green, Scribner’s, 1989; (3) an archive of more than 100 letters mostly by Edward Perry Warren acquired by the archives and ephemera dealer Henry Berry, books/ephemera, Connecticut USA, henryberryinct(at)gmail(dot)com)

Friday, April 26, 2019

THE BUSH HOUSE, LONDON, 1920s-‘30s
A Visionary American Project
by Henry Berry, Books/Ephemera

When it was being built in stages in the mid 1920s to the mid 1930s, Bush House — the brainchild of Irving Tar Bush — was said to be the most expensive building in the world. Irving Tar Bush (1869-1948, no relation to the Bush family of politicians) was a descendent of Jan Bosch who emigrated to New Amsterdam (later to become New York City) in 1662. Born in Michigan, Tar moved to Brooklyn when the family moved there, attended The Hill School near Philadelphia, and joined his father’s business when he was 19. Irving T. Bush’s father was Rufus T. Bush (1840-90), a shrewd businessperson who sold his Brooklyn refinery to Standard Oil in the 1880s; after which sale he soon retired and took up yachting to become a world-renowned yachtsman whose luxurious yacht Coronet was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 2004.

With his sizable inheritance upon his father’s accidental death from poisoning in 1890 and brief involvement in marketing Edison’s kinetoscope overseas, Irving T. Bush started planning Bush Terminal at the Brooklyn waterfront site where his father’s refinery sold to Standard Oil had been. Bush Terminal was designed to be a multi-tenant industrial property of office complexes, warehouses, factories, railroads, and shipping facilities. Beginning with the construction of warehouses in 1892, its final elements of factory lofts of the large, complex, and far-seeing project were not completed until 1925. During this period, Bush Terminal was in operation as it could be with facilities as they were completed, and during World War I saw use as a Navy base.

To go with his Bush Terminal, Irving Bush built the Bush Terminal Sales Building in Manhattan. Three years under construction, it was completed in 1918 on West 42nd Street. The Sales Building was promoted as offering a “vast centralized marketplace under one roof where complete lines of goods can be examined without loss of time”.The integration of diverse interests, activities, products, services, and business pursuits in one place for convenience, efficiency, and thus cost-cutting and profits was at the heart of Irving T. Bush’s business-oriented ideas. With his own business genius and intuitive awareness of the future of business and what businesspersons were looking for though most at the time were but dimly aware of this, Bush added a flair for promotion and an aesthetic sense of what he wanted in a mid-town Manhattan office building. The leading New York architecture firm of Helmle & Corbett was hired to design what became known as simply Bush Tower, with Corbett recognized as the primary architect for the building.

Born in San Francisco, Harvey Wiley Corbett (1873-1954) studied at Paris’s Ecole Des Beaux Arts, and in 1900 started his career at the firm of Cass Gilbert. With Corbett’s reputation as a prominent spokesperson for skyscrapers in articles, teaching at the Columbia School of Architecture, his demonstrated ability to design large, modern, multi-use buildings such as the Springfield Municipal Group (MA), and in 1922 commissioning the illustrator-architect Hugh Ferriss to draw building perspectives reflecting New York City’s new zoning regulations, Bush saw Corbett as the architect he was looking for to realize Bush’s conception of Bush Tower. With the success of Bush Tower both architecturally and commercially, with his ideas about international business, Irving Bush looked to London for his next major business venture. Again, he chose Corbett as the architect for it.

Bush’s plans for the five-building complex on an island between the streets Aldwych and Strand in the London area of Aldwych named Bush House were approved in 1919. While London zoning and building codes did not allow for buildings as tall as ones in New York, Bush’s five buildings designed by Corbett were relatively tall and were massive in size, with plentiful Art Deco and Beaux Arts features and details. For a statute to represent the spirit of his building, Bush commissioned the sculpture Malvina Hoffman to create two 15’ stone statues of figures holding a flaming torch between them above the words “To the Friendship of English Speaking Peoples”. Most importantly for Bush for Bush House to serve its purpose were numerous separate rooms on the upper floors of each building for offices for the many and varied businesses the buildings would accommodate.




These original floor plans accompany a folio-size, 106-page volume of bound English legal documents — leases, deeds, debentures, land certificates — prepared in 1935 to submit to New York State judge James C. Van Siclen for his use in a matter concerning Bush House he was dealing with. As Bush House director R. D. Peck writes in his cover letter to judge Siclen, “I have your letter of the 28th…informing me that the Secretary of the Consolidated Bondholders Protective Committee wishes information as to the position concerning the London leases, and also copies thereof…Probably the best way to deal with this, is to send you a copy of a bound book, which contains all documents affecting our title here….” The letterhead for Bush House Limited with the Aldwych, London, address names Peck as one Bush House’s directors along with Irving T. Bush.

As seen in the floor plans, many of the offices are occupied; and many of the  business occupants are noted international shipping and trading firms and leading British firms in insurance, manufacturing, and other areas. Among these firms were Sturtevant Engine Co., Simonds Aero Ltd., Parker Pen Co., J. Walter Thompson Co. Ltd., E. I. Dupont De Nemours, and Australian Trade Publicity. The diversity of the the firms and the prominence of many in their respective fields not only illustrates Bush’s success in building a multi-use commercial center, but also presents a cross-section of business enterprises of the time and preserves a moment in business history.

The diversity and prominence of the many businesses leasing offices demonstrates Irving T. Bush’s success in building a major multi-use business center in an important central London district while at the same time achieving works of architectural significance by commissioning Harvey Wiley Corbett. Bush House is classified as a Grade II building of architectural and historical significance by the British government body Historic England, and is today the Strand campus of King’s College.

(ENDNOTES/SOURCES: (1) Wikipedia entries on Bush House, Irving T. Bush, Harvey Wiley Corbett, Bush Terminal (Industry City), Bush Tower; (2) “Americans in London: Raymond Hood and the National Radiator Building” by Andrew Saint, AA Files (Architectural Association), 1984, no. 7, pages 30-43; (3) archive of floor plans, legal documents bound in folio, photographs, and Bush House director R. D. Peck’s 1935 letter to NY judge James Van Siclen acquired by Henry Berry, books/ephemera in Connecticut; henryberryinct@gmail.com.)

END

Monday, April 1, 2019

UNPUBLISHED JOURNAL RECOUNTS NOTED
ENTOMOLOGIST’S TIME IN SOUTH AFRICA


In 1910, William Moore (1887-1972) traveled to South Africa with his wife Mary to teach entomology in an agricultural school in Potchefstroom, Transvaal, South Africa. Later in his notable career in the field of entomology in both public and private sectors, Moore wrote a book on his time in South Africa titled “Memories of South Africa.” Though the book was never published, a small number of copies were done as a typed manuscript. In an obituary for Moore, Frank L. Campbell (1989-1979), whose photographs of colleagues are in archives at the Smithsonian Institution, wrote that it is unfortunate that Moore’s book was not published since it “ranks with the autobiographical books of L. O. Howard and William Mann.” Frank Campbell has donated his copy of the manuscript to the library of Congress. Another copy was previously placed in the library of Ursinus College. (Campbell’s obituary of Moore is in Journal of Economic Entomology, Volume 66, Issue 4, 1 August 1973, Pages 1009–1010; L. O. Howard and William Mann were both noted naturalists in the mid 1900s; the former Chief of the Bureau of Entomology from 1894-1927, the latter director of the National Zoo in Washington, D.C., from 1925-56 and member of the 1921 Mulford Expedition in South America.) During his career, Moore was noted for his groundbreaking work and his patents particularly with experiments in the use of chemicals in controlling agricultural pests.


Neither the Library of Congress’s copy of Moore’s manuscript nor the Ursinus College copy mentioned by Campbell in his obituary of Moore are recorded at WorldCat/OCLC or in the catalogs of either institution. There is however one copy of Moore’s “Memories of South Africa” which has been acquired by the Connecticut ephemera dealer/researcher Henry Berry. In a handwritten letter laid in with this copy, Moore gives information on his manuscript: “This book [about the author's time in South Africa from 1910 to 1913] was started after my stomach operation in '47 or '48. I had a few notes in notebooks, a few publications at this time [ca. 1913], and a few letters we [his wife Mary and he] had written at that time. The year we were in [location scrawled] I was able to look up some things in books on African mammals and birds. It [the manuscript] was rewritten at least 4 times and changed….” Moore then goes on to say the book had an agent who was unable to place it; and it had been lying around about 5 years when "Joe and Dick [probably his twins born in Africa appearing in tipped-in photos but unnamed in manuscript] had it reproduced and 20 copies bound for children and grandchildren…”; there were a few extra copies remaining which were "fitted with the spiral binding one copy of which you [the recipient Helen] received….” Moore’s manuscript is a mix of entomological and naturalist observation, personal experiences, and social commentary.


Besides Campbell’s obituary, William Moore’s recognition and achievements in the field of entomology were recognized elsewhere. In a 1976 article “The Department of Entomology, Fisheries, and Wildlife 1888-1974 (Chronological and Somewhat Anecdotal)” in the University of Minnesota, College of Agriculture Experiment Station publication “Department of Entomology, Fisheries and Wildlife,” the author A. C. Hodson wrote, “William Moore, who joined the staff in 1913, also had been active abroad. Before coming to Minnesota in 1913 he served 3 years as lecturer in Entomology and Zoology at the Potchefstroom Agricultural School in South Africa…Moore was an insecticide specialist and taught toxicology. [William Moore] was the first person in this country to make use of tear gas as an insecticide (an Italian published on its use the same year, 1917). He also developed the idea of the electrical charge of leaf surfaces and spray particles as factors in the adhesion of insecticides to foliage. Much to the regret of his associates here he accepted a position with the USDA in 1921, and in 1923 became Research Entomologist with the American Cyanamid Company.” (Alexander Carlton Hodson’s papers are in archives at the U. of Minnesota.)


Moore did graduate work at Cornell before going to South Africa. The June 1919 issue of the Cornell Alumni News has the note, "William Moore,’07-’09, is engaged in research work concerning the louse problem, and has accomplished some of the best work that has been done in the United States. Some of his results are being published by the University of Minnesota.”


The William Moore manuscript of “Memories of South Africa” offers a unique record of a period of this noted entomologist and naturalist’s activities and observations when he was in South Africa on the teaching assignment when he was just beginning his distinguished career after finishing graduate school at Cornell.


For further information, contact Henry Berry at henryberryinct (at) gmail (dot) com.


END


Tuesday, March 19, 2019

FOUR MANUSCRIPTS, dates 1853 to 1993

FOUR MANUSCRIPTS, dates ranging 1853 to 1993

contact:
Henry Berry
books/ephemera, Connecticut / member Ephemera Society
henryberryinct@gmail.com
203-332-7629 office/mobile

1. [AMERICANA; 1850s NEW YORK CITY; COLUMBIA COLLEGE STUDENT] LANGDON GREENWOOD COLUMBIA COLLEGE STUDENT MANUSCRIPT/HANDWRITTEN ESSAY BOOK latter 1850s, of interest for its sociological/social history observations on 1850’s New York City in the style of realism and journalism with occasional personal commentary and opinions , leather cover worn with spine missing with text block intact but loosening with handling, 222 (out of 288) legibly handwritten in pen faintly-lined pages, the essays are signed and most are dated with note on the class of the student when they were written (e. g., sophomore) with Greek fraternity letters also noted with some signatures /// titles of the essays are: Marathon [the battle, “written about the year 1855], Benevolence, The Inquisition, Love, Mosquito, Ought prize-fighting be suppressed? Negative, Scylla, Youth, The Cow, Goddesses, Alcibiades, Summer Time [poem], Does Temptation Lessen the Baseness of Crime? Affirmative, A Sad Disaster, [long poem about two friends walking downtown and one suddenly dies along the way], An Omnibus Ride [4 pages observing passengers while taking an omnibus home after business downtown], Song, Hope, To Miss —-, Was the Conquest of Mexico justifiable or not? Negative, Mustachoes [sic], The Onion, Presidential Speech [re: fraternity], A New Cure [long poem about a squabbling married couple who learn to resolve their differences], Is Old Age the Happiest Period in Life? Negative, Lines for a Ladies Album [short poem], The Baby [humorous on disruptions brought by a new baby], The State of Mary Jane, The Stage [visit to an unnamed theatre], Is the present population of New York improving, or degenerating in their morals? [about the increasingly ostentatious, borderline scandalous behavior of young men and women in the streets, with mention of Broadway, among other observations, ending with “Were I to go on and narrate all the evils to which New Yorkers are addicted, I could fill volume after volume….”], Crinoline or Hoops [women’s fashion, mention of Broadway], Do public amusements exercise a beneficial influence on society? Negative [mainly criticism of the theatre, mention of “Barnum’s Museum, that brothel shop…”], Has emigration to the United States improved their condition? Negative, Boots, Ought smoking to be prohibited by law? Negative, The City of Rome, Hoops [women’s fashion], Does billiard playing benefit man in mind and character? Negative, Wooing of Fitz. [?] Green Snubbs [lengthy poem about a gentleman dandy], Second Presidential Speech [re: fraternity], Uses and Dangers of Debating Societies, Speech Before the [Greek initials of fraternity, “never delivered” note at end, signed as “President”], Utility of Logic, Be called a science to enlighten man, Ought Ladies to be admitted into debating societies as members? Negative, Manuscripts, The Monkey, Smoking [long poem], Origin and Nature of Figurative Language, Criticism, Hyperbole, Sublimity in Writing, She Lolly Tailor, The Structure of Sentences; Comparison, Antithesis, etc.,; Metaphor; Style, Perspicuity, and Precision; Style, The Collegian (a sketch) [story for “Intermediate Examination Columbia College” about a young man who gambles away his wife’s money, but she earns enough money to support herself and the children by writing and selling a book], The Sufferer [short poem], Spring Sunset, The Best Method of Acquiring a Good Style /// LANGDON GREENWOOD is from a prominent New York family written about in the book “Prominent Families of New York”, some information on him and a noted relative of his who had an association with Benjamin Franklin follows: most notably in relation to the essay book is that he was at one time president of the Peithologian Society [a literary society founded at Columbia College in 1806]; he graduated from Columbia College, where he studied law, in 1861; his father was Isaac Greenwood, “one of the expert makers of mathematical instruments in his generation, his services being called into requisition by Dr. Benjamin Franklin…” (from an online source); more information on the notable New York City family from the above-mentioned book is, “Isaac Greenwood, son of Professor Isaac Greenwood, was born in Cambridge in 1730 and died in 1803…His wife, Mary I’ans, was a sister-in-law of Colonel Thomas Walker, of Montreal, remembered for his endeavors to arouse the Canadians to join us in our struggle for independence. His son, Dr. John Greenwood, born in Boston in 1760, became a famous physician in New York City. A devoted patriot, he joined the provincial army of Boston in 1775, but after the battle of Trenton, left the land service, and, sailing on various privateers, attained the rank of Captain, and was four times a prisoner of war. At the end of the hostilities, he settled in New York City, where he lived until his death, in 1819. His son, Dr. Isaac John Greenwood, M. D., D. D. S., born in 1795, was a member of the Governor’s Guard during the War of 1812. He succeeded to his father’s practice, retired in 1839, and died in 1865. By his first wife, Sarah Vanderhoof Bogert, daughter of John Gilbert and Jane (Earl) Bogert, he had three daughters. His second wife, whom he married in 1832, was Mary McKay, daughter of John and Elizabeth (Riddell) McKay, of New York, and was mother of two sons, Isaac John and Langdon Greenwood.” /// CONDITION: covers worn including scuffing and some surface loss and wobbly with hinges mostly perished, spine missing, pages holding together with varying degrees of loosening of signatures, handwritten content in pen dark, neat, consistent, and legible.
$1200.00 postpaid

2. [SCIENTIST’S JOURNAL 1910-13 with photos/AMERICAN ENTOMOLOGIST IN SOUTH AFRICA] MEMORIES OF SOUTH AFRICA [1910-13] by William Moore, Ph.D., unpublished manuscript/typescript, comb-bound 242 pages 8-1/2" x 11" with 9 black-and-white snapshots (presumably with early Kodak camera for personal and family use) and one postcard-like illustration of an African bird tipped in and also with laid-in handwritten letter dated 1969 from the author William Moore to the recipient of this copy of the manuscript named Helen, the manuscript is also briefly inscribed by the author “To Helen from William Moore” at the top of the first blank page, William Moore is the author of the book “South African Insect Pests: and other external pests of man and domesticated animals: a handbook of ready reference” (Johannesburg: Central News Agency for the Horticultural Publishing Co., 1912); as explained in the author's laid-in letter, "This book [about the author's time in South Africa from 1910 to 1913] was started after my stomach operation in '47 or '48. I had a few notes in notebooks, a few publications at this time [ca. 1913], and a few letters we [his wife Mary and he] had written at that time. The year we were in [location scrawled] I was able to look up some things in books on African mammals and birds. It [the manuscript] was rewritten at least 4 times and changed...", Moore then goes on to say the book had an agent who was unable to place it; and it had been lying around about 5 years when "Joe and Dick [probably his twins born in Africa appearing in tipped-in photos but unnamed in manuscript] had it reproduced and 20 copies bound for children and grandchildren...", there were a few extra copies remaining which were "fitted with the spiral binding one copy of which you [the recipient Helen] received…”; JOURNAL BACKGROUND, ORGANIZATION, AND CONTENT: the journal covers the author's years in South Africa teaching and doing research upon completing graduate work at Cornell University and is taken as a picture of his work and interests leading to the above-mentioned book by him and the beginnings of his career as an entomologist and the foundation of the focus of his later work in agricultural pests; written in the 1940s from notes kept at the time and other references, the first paragraph of Chapter I refers to the Peace Corps established in 1961, obviously a late addition after the book failed to find a publisher and a small quantity of copies were being published for relatives and friends, immediately after passing reference to the Peace Corps the opening picks up with the author at Cornell and how his acceptance of the position in South Africa fell into place, the short Addendum begins, "A half century has passed since we went to South Africa and reports there show conditions quite different now...", the last sentence of the last chapter is, "In 1913 all we saw of the war was naval maneuvers in the English channel, and in 1914 we were safely home from our African adventure.”; a few sentences illustrating the style, focus, and content of the manuscript are, "What I found was a Capecart, a vehicle having two high wheels for fording streams and traveling through mud. It was drawn by two mules with a Kaffir driver [p. 26]...We were face-to-face with the servant and the race problem in South Africa [p. 41]...At the end of May [1910], the Union of South Africa was formed from the two British colonies, the Cape and Natal, and the two Boer republics, the Transvaal and the Orange Free State [p. 88]...Our year in town, gave me an opportunity to learn how the life of an insect may be changed under African conditions [p. 135]...Meanwhile, the aphids continued on the cabbages and cauliflower, multiplying as they did in summer but not so rapidly...The aphids on the cabbages suddenly seemed to remember that they had a job to do curling the leaves of the peaches, or that they required something from the sap of the peach which there were not getting from the cabbages. The winged forms flew... [p. 136] My extension work consisted of giving help to nearby farmers with insect problems, and in traveling to farmers' meetings to give talks about the pests which were causing them trouble [p. 149]...These field studies, together with the insectary work, showed that the farmer's wheat crop depended upon a battle of insects in his fields [p. 221]; the manuscript's 14 plainly-titled chronologically-arranged chapters are On the Way to Capetown, First Days in South Africa, Our First Home, Some African Animals, The School of Agriculture, Memorable Events, A Trip Into the Bushveldt, Our Town Home, My Work, Travel, Our Third Home, Hunting Trips, More Travel, Last Days in Africa; Addendum, the diverse content ranges from social and political observations and experiences in South Africa in the early 1900s to detailed scientific observations of African insects, birds, and other wildlife, also found are vignettes of relationships between the author and his wife as white Europeans with black Africans most of whom were household help, of the 10 tipped-in photos/snapshots 2 are of homes the author and his wife were in, 4 are of the author, his wife, and/or his young twins born in Africa and 1 of an Irish maid, and 3 are of African wildlife including one of a bird's nest; AUTHOR NOTE: in the section titled "The Department of Entomology, Fisheries, and Wildlife 1888-1974 (Chronological and Somewhat Anecdotal)" by A. C. Hodson in the University of Minnesota, College of Agriculture Experiment Station publication DEPARTMENT OF ENTOMOLOGY, FISHERIES, AND WILDLIFE (1976), William Moore's background and work is given as, "William Moore, who joined the staff in 1913, also had been active abroad. Before coming to Minnesota in 1913 he served 3 years as lecturer in Entomology and Zoology at the Potchefstroom Agricultural School in South Africa. Thus it can be seen that staff involvement in overseas activities is nothing new. Moore was an insecticide specialist and taught toxicology. [William Moore] was the first person in this country to make use of tear gas as an insecticide (an Italian published on its use the same year, 1917). He also developed the idea of the electrical charge of leaf surfaces and spray particles as factors in the adhesion of insecticides to foliage. Much to the regret of his associates here he accepted a position with the USDA in 1921, and in 1923 became Research Entomologist with the American Cyanamid Company”; Cornell Alumni News - June 1919 issue '07-'09, has the note, "William Moore is engaged in research work concerning the louse problem, and has accomplished some of the best work that has been done in the United States. Some of his results are being published by the University of Minnesota.”; CONDITION: manuscript well-preserved with light age-toning of pages, patch of darker offsetting to first page of first chapter and facing page from where the letter was laid in by previous owner, photos well-preserved and sharp with light sepia-toning of the early snapshots of the period.
$350.00 postpaid



3. [1904-5 ILLUSTRATED NOTEBOOK; BOTANY; PHILADELPHIA SCHOOL FOR GIRLS] EXERCISES IN BOTANY Arranged for the Botanical Library of the Philadelphia High School for Girls, copyright 1902 by Ida A. Keller, Ph D., 1904-05 botany course notebook kept by student Irene van Horne whose name is written on the front endpage, green leather cover with gilded title, 8” x 10-1/4”, about 120 pages with some text with related large blank spaces for student’s illustrations and text, over half of the blank spaces are filled in by this student with skilled botanical illustrations in pencil and neat, clearly written notes and answers in pen, pages toward the end are blank, among the pages are some mimeographed inserts of subject matter or projects, of special note is the 2-page essay titled “Trip to Botanical Gardens at U. of P[ennsylvania] on Feb. 8, 1905, 36th and Spruce Sts.” continued on 2 sides of a 5-3/4” x 10-1/4” sheet plus on a smaller note-size sheet laid in with the essay; CONDITION: well-preserved with minimal wear, some splitting of paper at front hinge but hinge firm, pages clean with occasional light age-toning.
$125.00 postpaid



4. [BLACK MEMORABILIA; UNPUBLISHED SCREENPLAY; APARTHEID] AFRICA SOUTH – A Screenplay by Pilar Jennings & Margaret-Anne Smith, December 18, 1993, Black Ink Films, All Rights Reserved, typeset single-space manuscript of the screenplay (apparently never produced), 8-1/2” x 11”, 164 pages, right-hand pages only, paper covers, binding three clips in holes along the left edges of the manuscript pages; CHARACTERS: Joseph Ndhlovu and his wife Emma of Xhosa descent and their children; Jaques de Villiers, white male of Afrikaner descent, age 34; and other black and white South Africans of both sexes; STORY: the screenplay depicts conditions and events including organizations and demonstrations in the waning days of apartheid and ends with the conviction of South African white policemen for the injuries and murders of individuals in an anti-apartheid demonstration; NOTE: For the 1991 science-fiction action film “Dollman,” Margaret-Anne Smith is listed as the film editor, and Pilar Jennings is listed as the first editorial assistant (IMDb online) CONDITION: near fine, negligible wear to interior pages with the manuscript, minimal wear to covers.
$140.00 postpaid



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